The application of zircon cathodoluminescence imaging, Th-U-Pb chemistry and U-Pb ages in interpreting discrete magmatic and high-grade metamorphic events in the North China Craton at the Archean/Proterozoic boundary

Matthew L. Grant, Simon A. Wilde*, Fuyuan Wu, Jinhui Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

169 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two distinct Late Neoarchean to Early Paleoproterozoic magmatic events are recognized at the northern margin of the Eastern Block of the North China Craton based on interpretation of zircon structure, cathodoluminescence signature, Th-U-Pb chemistry and age. The first event is represented by emplacement of the Chaihe trondhjemite and Xianjinchang tonalite with magmatic zircon core ages ranging from 2559-2553 ± 7 Ma, respectively. These rocks experienced a subsequent high-grade metamorphic event, constrained by partial recrystallization of primary magmatic zircon and growth of new zircon rims, between 2517 and 2490 Ma. A second magmatic episode, generated by partial melting of crustal rocks during this metamorphic event, is represented by the Hongshilazi syenogranite with an age of 2502 ± 11 Ma. The short time interval between initial magmatism and high-grade regional metamorphism signifies they were related to the same major tectonothermal event. When considered along with evidence of a similar sequence of events at this time ~ 800 km to the south in eastern Hebei and the previously-established ~ 2500 Ma age of granulite-facies metamorphism in mafic rocks across the craton, it is proposed that a large mantle plume developed beneath the North China Craton at the close of the Archean.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-170
Number of pages17
JournalChemical Geology
Volume261
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Archean/Proterozoic boundary
  • High-grade metamorphism
  • Mantle plume
  • North China Craton
  • TTG rocks

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