The attentional blink is related to phonemic decoding, but not sight-word recognition, in typically reading adults

Maree M. Tyson-Parry, Jessica Sailah, Mark E. Boyes, Nicholas A. Badcock*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This research investigated the relationship between the attentional blink (AB) and reading in typical adults. The AB is a deficit in the processing of the second of two rapidly presented targets when it occurs in close temporal proximity to the first target. Specifically, this experiment examined whether the AB was related to both phonological and sight-word reading abilities, and whether the relationship was mediated by accuracy on a single-target rapid serial visual processing task (single-target accuracy). Undergraduate university students completed a battery of tests measuring reading ability, non-verbal intelligence, and rapid automatised naming, in addition to rapid serial visual presentation tasks in which they were required to identify either two (AB task) or one (single target task) target/s (outlined shapes: circle, square, diamond, cross, and triangle) in a stream of random-dot distractors. The duration of the AB was related to phonological reading (n=41, β=-0.43): participants who exhibited longer ABs had poorer phonemic decoding skills. The AB was not related to sight-word reading. Single-target accuracy did not mediate the relationship between the AB and reading, but was significantly related to AB depth (non-linear fit, R2=.50): depth reflects the maximal cost in T2 reporting accuracy in the AB. The differential relationship between the AB and phonological versus sight-word reading implicates common resources used for phonemic decoding and target consolidation, which may be involved in cognitive control. The relationship between single-target accuracy and the AB is discussed in terms of cognitive preparation.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)8-16
    Number of pages9
    JournalVision Research
    Volume115
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2015

    Keywords

    • Attentional blink
    • Dual-route coding
    • Phonemic decoding
    • Reading
    • Sight-word reading
    • Visual attention

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The attentional blink is related to phonemic decoding, but not sight-word recognition, in typically reading adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this