The carbonylation of various alcohols in the presence of alkali metals has been studied. The reaction occurs at ca. 60°C and 4000 kPa, and is selective to the alcohol formate with traces of alkali formate as an unwanted side product. The reaction kinetics are consistent with a two-stage mechanism in which an alcoholate ion reacts with carbon monoxide to form a complex which, in turn, reacts with alcohol to form the formate and to regenerate the ion.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Molecular Catalysis|
|Publication status||Published - 1983|