The base-catalysed carbonylation of higher alcohols

S. P. Tonner*, D. L. Trimm, M. S. Wainwright, N. W. Cant

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    73 Citations (Scopus)


    The carbonylation of various alcohols in the presence of alkali metals has been studied. The reaction occurs at ca. 60°C and 4000 kPa, and is selective to the alcohol formate with traces of alkali formate as an unwanted side product. The reaction kinetics are consistent with a two-stage mechanism in which an alcoholate ion reacts with carbon monoxide to form a complex which, in turn, reacts with alcohol to form the formate and to regenerate the ion.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)215-222
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 1983


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