The base-catalysed carbonylation of higher alcohols

S. P. Tonner*, D. L. Trimm, M. S. Wainwright, N. W. Cant

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The carbonylation of various alcohols in the presence of alkali metals has been studied. The reaction occurs at ca. 60°C and 4000 kPa, and is selective to the alcohol formate with traces of alkali formate as an unwanted side product. The reaction kinetics are consistent with a two-stage mechanism in which an alcoholate ion reacts with carbon monoxide to form a complex which, in turn, reacts with alcohol to form the formate and to regenerate the ion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)215-222
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1983

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Tonner, S. P., Trimm, D. L., Wainwright, M. S., & Cant, N. W. (1983). The base-catalysed carbonylation of higher alcohols. Journal of Molecular Catalysis, 18(2), 215-222. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-5102(83)80122-9