The Cambrian System in the Arrowie Basin, Flinders Ranges, South Australia

J. B. Jago*, J. G. Gehling, M. J. Betts, G. A. Brock, C. R. Dalgarno, D. C. García-Bellido, P. G. Haslett, S. M. Jacquet, P. D. Kruse, N. R. Langsford, T. J. Mount, J. R. Paterson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The lower to ?middle Cambrian rocks (Terreneuvian, Series 2 and possibly Miaolingian) of the Arrowie Basin are exposed superbly in the Flinders Ranges of South Australia. They comprise two major sedimentary packages: a lower carbonate-rich succession (Hawker Group and correlates) and an upper siliciclastic-dominated succession (Billy Creek Formation, Wirrealpa Limestone and Lake Frome Group). These rocks form one of the most complete lower Cambrian (Terreneuvian and Series 2) successions globally. They contain one of the most diverse known early Cambrian biotas in the world, with trilobites, archaeocyaths, bradoriides, brachiopods, some of the earliest known coralomorphs, small shelly fossils, molluscs, hyoliths, acritarchs and trace fossils. Series divisions, based on ranges of shelly fossils and archaeocyath biostratigraphy are currently being established. Ancient reef structures are prominent in several areas. Syndepositional faulting and diapiric activity affected sedimentation in places. The global significance of the region is enhanced by the presence of tuff horizons at some levels, which provide the opportunity to link the biostratigraphic zones with radiometric dates and carbon isotope curves.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)923-948
Number of pages26
JournalAustralian Journal of Earth Sciences
Volume67
Issue number7
Early online date11 Dec 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Arrowie Basin
  • biostratigraphy
  • Flinders Ranges
  • lithostratigraphy
  • Lower Cambrian
  • sedimentology

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