The Cambridge Face Memory Test for Children (CFMT-C)

a new tool for measuring face recognition skills in childhood

Abigail Croydon, Hannah Pimperton, Louise Ewing, Brad C. Duchaine, Elizabeth Pellicano*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)


Face recognition ability follows a lengthy developmental course, not reaching maturity until well into adulthood. Valid and reliable assessments of face recognition memory ability are necessary to examine patterns of ability and disability in face processing, yet there is a dearth of such assessments for children. We modified a well-known test of face memory in adults, the Cambridge Face Memory Test (Duchaine & Nakayama, 2006, Neuropsychologia, 44, 576-585), to make it developmentally appropriate for children. To establish its utility, we administered either the upright or inverted versions of the computerised Cambridge Face Memory Test - Children (CFMT-C) to 401 children aged between 5 and 12 years. Our results show that the CFMT-C is sufficiently sensitive to demonstrate age-related gains in the recognition of unfamiliar upright and inverted faces, does not suffer from ceiling or floor effects, generates robust inversion effects, and is capable of detecting difficulties in face memory in children diagnosed with autism. Together, these findings indicate that the CFMT-C constitutes a new valid assessment tool for children's face recognition skills.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-67
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • children
  • development
  • face memory
  • face recognition
  • inversion effect

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