Some samples of semi-dry flue gas desulfurization (FGD) ash were taken from sinter gas of a steel factory. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were employed to identify the samples in order to investigate their physical and chemical characteristics. The results show that semi-dry FGD ash from a steel factory is stable under atmospheric conditions. It has irregular shape, a smooth surface and loose construction. The size of FGD ash particles is around 0.5-25 mu m, the average size is about 5 mu m and the median diameter is 4.18 mu m. Semi-dry FGD ash from a steel factory consists of CaSO(3), CaSO(4), CaCO(3), some amorphous vitreous material and unburned carbon. An experimental method was found to study the oxidation characteristics of ash. A prediction model of the oxidation efficiency was obtained based on response surface methodology. The results show that not only the temperature, but also gas: solid ratio, play an important role in influencing the oxidation efficiency. The interactions of the gas: solid ratio with temperature play an essential role. An improved response surface model was obtained which can be helpful to describe the degree of oxidation efficiency of semi-dry FGD ash.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Waste Management and Research|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2010|
- semi-dry FGD ash
- oxidation characteristics
- PARTICLE SPOUTED BED
- CALCIUM BISULFITE