The Chronic Conditions Course: a randomised controlled trial of an internet-delivered transdiagnostic psychological intervention for people with chronic health conditions

Blake F. Dear*, Amelia J. Scott, Rhiannon Fogliati, Milena Gandy, Eyal Karin, Joanne Dudeney, Olav Nielssen, Sarah McDonald, Andreea I. Heriseanu, Madelyne A. Bisby, Louise Sharpe, Michael P. Jones, Shehzad Ali, Nickolai Titov

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)
18 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduction: Psychological adjustment to chronic health conditions is important, as poor adjustment predicts a range of adverse medical and psychosocial outcomes. Psychological treatments demonstrate efficacy for people with chronic health conditions, but existing research takes a disorder-specific approach and they are predominately delivered in face-to-face contexts. The internet and remotely delivered treatments have the potential to overcome barriers to accessing traditional face-to-face treatment. Objective: The current study examined the efficacy and acceptability of an internet-delivered transdiagnostic psychological intervention to promote adjustment to illness, based on cognitive behaviour therapy principles. Methods: In a two-arm randomised controlled trial, participants (n = 676) were randomly allocated to the 8-week intervention or a waitlist control. Treatment included five core lessons, homework tasks, additional resources, and weekly contact with a psychologist. Primary outcomes included depression, anxiety, and disability, assessed at pre-treatment, post-treatment, 3-month follow-up, and 12-month follow-up. Results: The treatment group reported significantly greater improvements in depression (between-groups d = 0.47), anxiety (d = 0.32), and disability (d = 0.17) at post-treatment (all ps <0.001). Improvements were sustained over the 3-month and 12-month follow-ups. High treatment completion rates (69%) and levels of satisfaction (86%) were reported by participants in treatment. The intervention required a mean clinician time of 56.70 min per participant. Conclusions: The findings provide preliminary and tentative support for the potential of internet-delivered transdiagnostic interventions to promote adjustment to chronic health conditions. Further research using robust control groups, and exploring the generalisability of findings, is needed before firm conclusions can be drawn.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265–276
Number of pages12
JournalPsychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Volume91
Issue number4
Early online date1 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2022. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • cognitive behaviour therapy
  • depression
  • randomized controlled trial
  • chronic disease

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Chronic Conditions Course: a randomised controlled trial of an internet-delivered transdiagnostic psychological intervention for people with chronic health conditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this