The Clustering of Health Behaviours in Older Australians and its Association with Physical and Psychological Status, and Sociodemographic Indicators

Barbara Griffin, Kerry A. Sherman*, Mike Jones, Piers Bayl-Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Increasing life expectancies, burgeoning healthcare costs and an emphasis on the management of multiple health-risk behaviours point to a need to delineate health lifestyles in older adults.

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to delineate health lifestyles of a cohort of older adults and to examine the association of these lifestyles with biological and psychological states and socio-economic indices.

METHODS: Cluster analysis was applied to data derived from the self-reported 45 and Up cohort study (N = 96,276) of Australians over 45 years, regarding exercise, smoking, alcohol consumption, diet and cancer screening behaviours.

RESULTS: Six lifestyle clusters emerged delineated by smoking, screening and physical activity levels. Individuals within health-risk dominant clusters were more likely to be male, living alone, low-income earners, living in a deprived neighbourhood, psychologically distressed and experiencing low quality of life.

CONCLUSIONS: Health lifestyle cluster membership can be used to identify older adults at greatest risk for physical and psychological health morbidity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)205-214
Number of pages10
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The Clustering of Health Behaviours in Older Australians and its Association with Physical and Psychological Status, and Sociodemographic Indicators'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this