The cognitive control of eating and body weight

it's more than what you "think"

Terry L. Davidson*, Sabrina Jones, Megan Roy, Richard J. Stevenson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)
17 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Over the past decade, a great deal of research has established the importance of cognitive processes in the control of energy intake and body weight. The present paper begins by identifying several of these cognitive processes. We then summarize evidence from human and nonhuman animal models, which shows how excess intake of obesity-promoting Western diet (WD) may have deleterious effects on these cognitive control processes. Findings that these effects may be manifested as early-life deficits in cognitive functioning and may also be associated with the emergence of serious late-life cognitive impairment are described. Consistent with these possibilities, we review evidence, obtained primarily from rodent models, that consuming a WD is associated with the emergence of pathophysiologies in the hippocampus, an important brain substrate for learning, memory, and cognition. The implications of this research for mechanism are discussed within the context of a "vicious-cycle model," which describes how eating a WD could impair hippocampal function, producing cognitive deficits that promote increased WD intake and body weight gain, which could contribute to further hippocampal dysfunction, cognitive decline, and excess eating and weight gain.

Original languageEnglish
Article number62
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume10
Issue numberFEB
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Feb 2019

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2019. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • obesity
  • overeating
  • learning
  • memory
  • hippocampus
  • Western diet
  • dementia
  • vicious-cycle model

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