The Concentric circles model of the cultural industries

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172 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the assumptions and structure of the concentric circles model of the cultural industries. Empirical data for Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the UK and the US are used to illustrate the model's key characteristic: the proposition that the cultural content of the output of the cultural industries declines as one moves outwards from the core. The test uses the proportion of creative labour employed in production as a proxy for cultural content. The results confirm the model's validity as a means of depicting the structural characteristics of the cultural industries and also enable some wider features of the cultural workforce in the five countries to be examined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-164
Number of pages18
JournalCultural Trends
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • concentric circles model
  • creative economy
  • cultural industries
  • cultural occupations
  • cultural policy
  • cultural value


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