The coordinated radio and infrared survey for high-mass star formation: III. A catalogue of northern ultra-compact H II regions

I. E. Kalcheva*, M. G. Hoare, J. S. Urquhart, S. Kurtz, S. L. Lumsden, C. R. Purcell, A. A. Zijlstra

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A catalogue of 239 ultra-compact H II regions (UCHIIs) found in the CORNISH survey at 5 GHz and 1.5" resolution in the region 10 < l< 65 , |b| < 1 is presented. This is the largest complete and well-selected sample of UCHIIs to date and provides the opportunity to explore the global and individual properties of this key state in massive star formation at multiple wavelengths. The nature of the candidates was validated, based on observational properties and calculated spectral indices, and the analysis is presented in this work. The physical sizes, luminosities and other physical properties were computed by utilising literature distances or calculating the distances whenever a value was not available. The near- and mid-infrared extended source fluxes were measured and the extinctions towards the UCHIIs were computed. The new results were combined with available data at longer wavelengths and the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) were reconstructed for 177 UCHIIs. The bolometric luminosities obtained from SED fitting are presented. By comparing the radio flux densities to previous observational epochs, we find about 5% of the sources appear to be time variable. This first high-resolution area survey of the Galactic plane shows that the total number of UCHIIs in the Galaxy is ∼750 – a factor of 3–4 fewer than found in previous large area radio surveys. It will form the basis for future tests of models of massive star formation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberA103
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalAstronomy and Astrophysics
Volume615
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • HII regions
  • Radio continuum: ISM
  • Stars: formation

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