The dawning of the stream of Aquarius in RAVE

M. E. K. Williams, M. Steinmetz, S. Sharma, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. S. de Jong, G. M. Seabroke, A. Helmi, K. C. Freeman, J. Binney, I. Minchev, O. Bienaymé, R. Campbell, J. P. Fulbright, B. K. Gibson, G. F. Gilmore, E. K. Grebel, U. Munari, J. F. Navarro, Q. A. Parker, W. ReidA. Siebert, A. Siviero, F. G. Watson, R. F. G. Wyse, T. Zwitter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We identify a new, nearby (0.5 kpc ≲ d ≲ 10 kpc) stream in data from the RAdial Velocity Experiment (RAVE). As the majority of stars in the stream lie in the constellation of Aquarius, we name it the Aquarius Stream. We identify 15 members of the stream lying between 30° < l < 75° and -70° < b < -50°, with heliocentric line-of-sight velocities V los ∼ -200 km s-1. The members are outliers in the radial velocity distribution, and the overdensity is statistically significant when compared to mock samples created with both the Besançon Galaxy model and newly developed code Galaxia. The metallicity distribution function and isochrone fit in the log g-Teff plane suggest that the stream consists of a 10Gyr old population with [M/H] ∼ -1.0. We explore relations to other streams and substructures, finding that the stream cannot be identified with known structures: it is a new, nearby substructure in the Galaxy's halo. Using a simple dynamical model of a dissolving satellite galaxy, we account for the localization of the stream. We find that the stream is dynamically young and therefore likely the debris of a recently disrupted dwarf galaxy or globular cluster. The Aquarius stream is thus a specimen of ongoing hierarchical Galaxy formation, rare for being right in the solar suburb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume728
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2011

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