The decay of suddenly blocked flow in a curved pipe

Richard J. Clarke*, James P. Denier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Pressure-driven viscous flow through a rigid curved pipe of uniform circular cross-section which is suddenly stopped, for example through the instantaneous closure of a valve, is considered here. The profile of the flow at early times after the stoppage is analysed asymptotically, by matching diffusive boundary layers to a core flow that is driven by an axial pressure gradient. This pressure gradient is unknown a priori and, furthermore, exhibits singular behaviour immediately after the stoppage. This analysis therefore provides the flow information at small but finite times that is required for numerical determination of the flow at later times. The limiting case of weak curvature is also considered, where linearization of the governing flow equations is possible. The results illustrate some novel features of the flow which result solely from the pipe's curvature and the consequences for the flow's rate of decay are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)241-257
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Engineering Mathematics
Issue number2-4
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


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