The dehydrogenation of methanol to methyl formate Part II. the effect of chromia on deactivation kinetics for copper-based catalysts

X. Huang, N. W. Cant, M. S. Wainwright*, L. Ma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of added chromia on the behavior of skeletal copper catalysts for the gas phase dehydrogenation of methanol to methyl formate has been investigated for two methods of preparation. One involves leaching of a CuAl2 alloy in the presence of sodium chromate, and the other uses deposition of chromia subsequent to leaching. In both systems chromia greatly reduces deactivation although at the expense of some loss of activity if the chromia content is high. Differences in rates of deactivation for unpromoted copper are best interpreted in terms of deposition of a foulant according to first order kinetics based on parallel deactivation and the assumption that the final steady state activity is nonzero. A simple power law model is adequate for most chromia-promoted systems where the extent of deactivation is low. Optimal steady-state activity is obtained by leaching CuAl2 in the presence of sodium chromate resulting in a Cr2O3, content of 0.5-2.0%. The activation energy for deactivation is substantially smaller when chromia is present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-411
Number of pages9
JournalChemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification
Volume44
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2005

Keywords

  • Cr O
  • Deactivation kinetics
  • Methanol dehydrogenation
  • Methyl formate
  • Skeletal copper catalysts

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