The discovery and history of the Dalgaranga meteorite crater, Western Australia

D. W. Hamacher, C. O'Neill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The Dalgaranga meteorite crater, 100 km northeast of Yalgoo, Western Australia, was one of the first impact structures identified in Australia, the smallest isolated crater found in Australia, and the only confirmed crater in the world associated with a mesosiderite projectile. Seventeen years passed before the Dalgaranga meteorites were described in the scientific literature, and nearly 40 years passed before a survey of the structure was published. The reasons for the time gap were never explained and a number of factual errors about the discovery and early history remain uncorrected in the scientific literature. Using historical and archival documents, and discussions with people involved in Dalgaranga research, the reasons for this time gap are explained by a series of minor misidentifications and coincidences. The age of the crater has yet to be determined, but using published data, we estimate the projectile mass to be 500-1000 kg.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-646
Number of pages10
JournalAustralian Journal of Earth Sciences
Volume60
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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