We have investigated the redshift-space distortions in the optically selected Durham/UKST Galaxy Redshift Survey using the two-point galaxy correlation function perpendicular and parallel to the observer's line of sight, ξ(σ, π). On small, non-linear scales we observe an elongation of the constant ξ(σ, π) contours in the line-of-sight direction. This is a result of the galaxy velocity dispersion and is the common 'Finger of God' effect seen in redshift surveys. Our result for the one-dimensional pairwise rms velocity dispersion is 〈w2〉1/2=416±36 km s-1, which is consistent with those from recent redshift surveys and canonical values, but inconsistent with SCDM or LCDM models. On larger, linear scales we observe a compression of the ξ(σ, π) contours in the line-of-sight direction. This is caused by the infall of galaxies into overdense regions, and the Durham/UKST data favours a value of (Ω0.6/b)∼0.5, where Ω is the mean mass density of the Universe and b is the linear bias factor that relates the galaxy and mass distributions. Comparison with other optical estimates yields consistent results, with the conclusion that the data do not favour an unbiased critical-density universe.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society|
|Publication status||Published - 1 May 1998|
- Cosmology: observations
- Galaxies: clusters: general
- Galaxies: general
- Large-scale structure of Universe