The E-Z reader model of eye-movement control in reading: comparisons to other models

Erik D. Reichle*, Keith Rayner, Alexander Pollatsek

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

664 Citations (Scopus)


The E-Z Reader model (Reichle et al. 1998; 1999) provides a theoretical framework for understanding how word identification, visual processing, attention, and oculomotor control jointly determine when and where the eyes move during reading. In this article, we first review what is known about eye movements during reading. Then we provide an updated version of the model (E-Z Reader 7) and describe how it accounts for basic findings about eye movement control in reading. We then review several alternative models of eye movement control in reading, discussing both their core assumptions and their theoretical scope. On the basis of this discussion, we conclude that E-Z Reader provides the most comprehensive account of eye movement control during reading. Finally, we provide a brief overview of what is known about the neural systems that support the various components of reading, and suggest how the cognitive constructs of our model might map onto this neural architecture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-476
Number of pages32
JournalBehavioral and Brain Sciences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • attention
  • eye-movement control
  • E-Z reader
  • fixations
  • lexical access
  • models
  • reading regressions
  • saccades

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