The ecosystem approach and environmental justice nexus in natural resource management

Shawkat Alam, Sheikh Noor Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The ecosystem approach emerged in the international environmental realm to promote equity and justice for both people and nature. It provides a set of mechanisms, including equitable benefit sharing; conservation and sustainable use; adaptive management; and participatory practices. This article explores how the ecosystem approach that is used in natural resource management shares synergies with notions of environmental justice, including distributional justice, procedural justice and justice-as-recognition. It also explores how the ecosystem approach responds to two additional principles of environmental justice that are specific to environmental disciplines, namely, intergenerational equity and the precautionary principle. The article illustrates the complementarity between the ecosystem approach and environmental justice through practical examples and argues that environmental justice can be promoted by utilizing the ecosystem approach as a vehicle for policy-makers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-84
Number of pages38
JournalChinese Journal of Environmental Law
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019



  • environmental justice
  • ecosystem approach
  • distributive justice
  • procedural justice
  • justice-as-recognition
  • intergenerational equity
  • precautionary principle
  • natural resource management

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