The effect of carbon monoxide on the oligomerization of acetylene in hydrogen over a Ni/SiO2 catalyst

David L. Trimm*, Irene O Y Liu, Noel W. Cant

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    10 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The effect of small amounts of carbon monoxide on the oligomerization of acetylene over a low loaded Ni/SiO2 catalyst has been investigated. Although CO does not participate in the reaction it has two beneficial effects if oligomer products are desired. Conversion of acetylene is higher, both initially and over time, and the selectivity to C4-C10 product is improved relative to C2 hydrogenation. Higher products are predominantly aliphatic alkenes. CO increases formation of branched products relative to linear ones and dienes relative to alkenes while suppressing benzene and higher aromatics. In the absence of CO, unsaturated products can be largely hydrogenated to alkanes if a Pt/SiO2 catalyst is located immediately downstream the Ni/SiO2 but the hydrogenation of dienes and trienes proceeds only as far as alkenes when the feed contains CO. The twin effects of CO can be interpreted on the basis that CO competes for nickel sites that would otherwise be able to accept hydrogen atoms from H2 or C2H2. The Ni/SiO2 catalyst was sensitive to feed impurities such as phosphine present in some grades of acetylene but deactivation was not complete. Crown

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)13-20
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical
    Volume307
    Issue number1-2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2009

    Keywords

    • Acetylene oligomerization
    • Carbon monoxide
    • Deactivation
    • Ni/SiO catalyst
    • Product distribution

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