The Effect of listener and speaker gender on the perception of rises in AusE

Elaine Schmidt, Brechtje Post, Carmen Kung, Ivan Yuen, Katherine Demuth

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Australian English (AusE) uses High Rising Tunes at the end of questions and statements. However, it remains unclear whether listeners can distinguish between them perceptually. This study analyses the identification of question- and statement-rises in the absence of contextual information. Results suggest that identification is strongly influenced by speaker and listener gender. Specifically, it appears that male listeners use pitch differences in pitch accents for perceptual discrimination, just as they do in production, while female listeners rely on the speaker gender: female utterances are perceived as questions, male utterances as statements. Contrastingly, listener gender did not affect the interpretation of boundary tones: the highest tones are associated with questions, the lowest with statements. However, the middle step shows the bias for questions of female and statements of male speakers again. These results are important for L2 learners of AusE, and hearing impaired populations where subtle pitch differences are lost.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
Editors The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015
Place of PublicationLondon
PublisherInternational Phonetic Association
Number of pages5
ISBN (Print)9780852619414
Publication statusPublished - 2015
EventInternational congress of phonetic sciences (18th : 2015) - Glasgow, UK
Duration: 10 Aug 201514 Aug 2015

Conference

ConferenceInternational congress of phonetic sciences (18th : 2015)
CityGlasgow, UK
Period10/08/1514/08/15

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listener
gender
discrimination
interpretation
trend

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2015. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

Keywords

  • Intonation
  • Perception experiment
  • High Rising Tunes (HRTS)
  • Australian English

Cite this

Schmidt, E., Post, B., Kung, C., Yuen, I., & Demuth, K. (2015). The Effect of listener and speaker gender on the perception of rises in AusE. In The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015 (Ed.), Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences London: International Phonetic Association.
Schmidt, Elaine ; Post, Brechtje ; Kung, Carmen ; Yuen, Ivan ; Demuth, Katherine. / The Effect of listener and speaker gender on the perception of rises in AusE. Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. editor / The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015. London : International Phonetic Association, 2015.
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abstract = "Australian English (AusE) uses High Rising Tunes at the end of questions and statements. However, it remains unclear whether listeners can distinguish between them perceptually. This study analyses the identification of question- and statement-rises in the absence of contextual information. Results suggest that identification is strongly influenced by speaker and listener gender. Specifically, it appears that male listeners use pitch differences in pitch accents for perceptual discrimination, just as they do in production, while female listeners rely on the speaker gender: female utterances are perceived as questions, male utterances as statements. Contrastingly, listener gender did not affect the interpretation of boundary tones: the highest tones are associated with questions, the lowest with statements. However, the middle step shows the bias for questions of female and statements of male speakers again. These results are important for L2 learners of AusE, and hearing impaired populations where subtle pitch differences are lost.",
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Schmidt, E, Post, B, Kung, C, Yuen, I & Demuth, K 2015, The Effect of listener and speaker gender on the perception of rises in AusE. in The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015 (ed.), Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. International Phonetic Association, London, International congress of phonetic sciences (18th : 2015), Glasgow, UK, 10/08/15.

The Effect of listener and speaker gender on the perception of rises in AusE. / Schmidt, Elaine; Post, Brechtje; Kung, Carmen; Yuen, Ivan; Demuth, Katherine.

Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. ed. / The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015. London : International Phonetic Association, 2015.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionResearchpeer-review

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AU - Schmidt,Elaine

AU - Post,Brechtje

AU - Kung,Carmen

AU - Yuen,Ivan

AU - Demuth,Katherine

N1 - Copyright the Author(s) 2015. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

PY - 2015

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N2 - Australian English (AusE) uses High Rising Tunes at the end of questions and statements. However, it remains unclear whether listeners can distinguish between them perceptually. This study analyses the identification of question- and statement-rises in the absence of contextual information. Results suggest that identification is strongly influenced by speaker and listener gender. Specifically, it appears that male listeners use pitch differences in pitch accents for perceptual discrimination, just as they do in production, while female listeners rely on the speaker gender: female utterances are perceived as questions, male utterances as statements. Contrastingly, listener gender did not affect the interpretation of boundary tones: the highest tones are associated with questions, the lowest with statements. However, the middle step shows the bias for questions of female and statements of male speakers again. These results are important for L2 learners of AusE, and hearing impaired populations where subtle pitch differences are lost.

AB - Australian English (AusE) uses High Rising Tunes at the end of questions and statements. However, it remains unclear whether listeners can distinguish between them perceptually. This study analyses the identification of question- and statement-rises in the absence of contextual information. Results suggest that identification is strongly influenced by speaker and listener gender. Specifically, it appears that male listeners use pitch differences in pitch accents for perceptual discrimination, just as they do in production, while female listeners rely on the speaker gender: female utterances are perceived as questions, male utterances as statements. Contrastingly, listener gender did not affect the interpretation of boundary tones: the highest tones are associated with questions, the lowest with statements. However, the middle step shows the bias for questions of female and statements of male speakers again. These results are important for L2 learners of AusE, and hearing impaired populations where subtle pitch differences are lost.

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Schmidt E, Post B, Kung C, Yuen I, Demuth K. The Effect of listener and speaker gender on the perception of rises in AusE. In The Scottish Consortium for ICPhS 2015, editor, Proceedings of the 18th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. London: International Phonetic Association. 2015