The effects of misleading and inconsistent postevent information on children's recollections of criterion-learned Information

Kerry Lee*, Kay Bussey

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    8 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Similar experimental procedures are used in misinformation studies and in retroactive inhibition studies. Despite these similarities, the findings of these studies have suggested that misleading postevent information and inconsistent postevent information would have different effects on children's recollections. To examine this hypothesis, 28 seven-year-olds learned a target game to criterion. Two days later, they were administered either type of postevent information on either one or three occasions. When the children were tested 3 weeks later, the results showed that even criterion-learned information could be affected detrimentally by exposure to misleading or inconsistent postevent information. Notably, children who were administered misinformation on one occasion reported more target information than children in all other groups. It is suggested that exposure to misinformation had a facilitative effect on these children's recollections.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)161-182
    Number of pages22
    JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
    Volume73
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 1999

    Keywords

    • children's memory
    • forgetting
    • misinformation
    • retroactive inhibition

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