The effects of non-pharmaceutical treatments on symptom management in adults with mild or moderate multiple sclerosis

a meta-analysis

Stephney Whillier, Keira Byrnes

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Objective: Whilst pharmaceutical treatments help to slow the progression of multiple sclerosis (MS), people with this condition are increasingly turning to non-pharmaceutical treatments (NPTs) as a way to manage symptoms. The aim of this study is to conduct a meta-analysis of clinical trials on the effect of NPTs on outcomes for MS.
Methods: CINAHL, Mantis, Medline, PEDro, Pubmed, and Scopus databases were searched. Final papers meeting inclusion criteria were PEDro scored for quality and included in a meta-analysis. forty papers in the meta-analysis totalled 1673 participants. The interventions were grouped into six subcategories: Physical Activity; Technology; Rehabilitation; Alternative; Resistance Training and Psychological.
Results: The combined effect of interventions produced a large overall effect size for the outcome fatigue; medium effect sizes for functionality, balance and quality of life; and no effect on pain or spasticity. Physical activity had the greatest effect, improving fatigue, function and balance. Rehabilitation and resistance training had a large effect on functionality. Comparatively, psychological approaches had only a small effect on improving quality of life. Sample sizes of included papers tended to be small with large variability in design. Therefore, results should be interpreted cautiously.
Conclusions: The current results suggest NPTs could offer options beyond drug treatments. Future research could consider why specific approaches have a targeted effect on certain symptoms. This meta-analysis offers important options for sufferers of this challenging chronic health condition.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2019
EventWorld Federation of Chiropractic Biennial Congress (15th : 2019) and European Chiropractors' Union Convention (78th : 2019) - Berlin, Germany
Duration: 20 Mar 201923 Mar 2019

Conference

ConferenceWorld Federation of Chiropractic Biennial Congress (15th : 2019) and European Chiropractors' Union Convention (78th : 2019)
Abbreviated titleEPIC 2019
CountryGermany
CityBerlin
Period20/03/1923/03/19

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of non-pharmaceutical treatments on symptom management in adults with mild or moderate multiple sclerosis: a meta-analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Whillier, S., & Byrnes, K. (2019). The effects of non-pharmaceutical treatments on symptom management in adults with mild or moderate multiple sclerosis: a meta-analysis. Poster session presented at World Federation of Chiropractic Biennial Congress (15th : 2019) and European Chiropractors' Union Convention (78th : 2019), Berlin, Germany.