The emergence of frequency effects in eye movements

Polina M. Vanyukov*, Tessa Warren, Mark E. Wheeler, Erik D. Reichle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


A visual search experiment employed strings of Landolt Cs to examine how the gap size of and frequency of exposure to distractor strings affected eye movements. Increases in gap size were associated with shorter first-fixation durations, gaze durations, and total times, as well as fewer fixations. Importantly, both the number and duration of fixations decreased with repeated exposures. The findings provide evidence for the role of cognition in guiding eye-movements, and a potential explanation for word-frequency effects observed in reading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)185-189
Number of pages5
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • eye-movement control
  • reading
  • visual search
  • word frequency effects

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