The Enrolment of the capite censi by Gaius Marius

a reappraisal

Christopher Matthew

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Gaius Marius (157-86 BC) was one of the most innovative commanders of the Roman military. Between 107 BC and 101 BC Marius initiated five major reforms to the recruitment, equipment, deployment and training of the Roman legions. Marius' first alteration to the practices of the Roman military is perhaps the reform for which he is best known. His reform to the recruitment process of the Roman military in 107 BC permanently altered the demographic composition of the legions and, consequently, the very nature of the most fundamental aspects of the Roman military. Contrary to most modem theories on the subject, this reform was a radical departure from the standard practices of the Roman legions and had far reaching repercussions for the role of the Roman army. The results of this reform quickly became a permanent aspect of its organisation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalAncient history : resources for teachers
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2007

Bibliographical note

Publisher version archived with the permission of the Editor, Ancient History : resources for Teachers, Macquarie Ancient History Association, Macquarie University, NSW, Australia. This copy is available for individual, non-commercial use. Permission to reprint/republish this version for other uses must be obtained from the publisher.

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