We present here a dataset of quasars observed with the Ultraviolet Visual Echelle Spectrograph (UVES) on the Very Large Telescope and available in the European Southern Observatory UVES Advanced Data Products archive. The sample is made up of a total of 250 high resolution quasar spectra with emission redshifts ranging from 0.191 ≤ zem ≤ 6.311. The total UVES exposure time of this dataset is 1560 h. Thanks to the high resolution of UVES spectra, it is possible to unambiguously measure the column density of absorbers with damping wings, down to NH I ≳ 1019 cm-2, which constitutes the sub-damped Lyα absorber (sub-DLA) threshold. Within the wavelength coverage of our UVES data, we find 150 damped Lyα systems (DLAs)/sub-DLAs in the range 1.5 < zabs < 4.7. Of these 150, 93 are DLAs and 57 are sub-DLAs. An extensive search in the literature indicates that 6 of these DLAs and 13 of these sub-DLAs have their NH I measured for the first time. Among them, 10 are new identifications as DLAs/sub-DLAs. For each of these systems, we obtain an accurate measurement of the H I column density and the absorber’s redshift in the range 1.7 < zabs < 4.2 by implementing a Voigt profile-fitting algorithm. These absorbers are further confirmed thanks to the detection of associated metal lines and/or lines from members of the Lyman series. In our data, a few quasars’ lines-of-sight are rich. An interesting example is towards QSO J0133+0400 (zem = 4.154) with six DLAs and sub-DLAs reported.
- galaxies: abundances
- galaxies: high-redshift
- quasars: absorption lines
- quasars: general
Zafar, T., Popping, A., & Péroux, C. (2013). The ESO UVES advanced data products quasar sample: I. Dataset and new NH I measurements of damped absorbers. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 556, 1-16. [A140]. https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201321153