The estimated prevalence of autism in school-aged children living in rural nepal using a population-based screening tool

Michelle Heys*, Felicity Gibbons, Ed Haworth, Emilie Medeiros, Kirti Man Tumbahangphe, Mary Wickenden, Merina Shrestha, Anthony Costello, Dharma Manandhar, Elizabeth Pellicano

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    6 Citations (Scopus)
    48 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    Few data exist on the prevalence of autism in low-income countries. We translated, adapted and tested the acceptability of a Nepali-language version of a screening tool for autism (Autism Quotient-10). Using this tool, we estimated autism prevalence in 4098 rural Nepali children aged 9–13 years. Fourteen children scored > 6 out of 10, indicative of elevated autistic symptomatology, of which 13 also screened positive for disability. If the AQ-10 screening tool is as sensitive and specific in the Nepali population as it is in the UK, this would yield an estimated true prevalence of 3 in 1000 (95% confidence interval 2–5 in 1000). Future research is required to validate this tool through in-depth assessments of high-scoring children.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3483–3498
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
    Volume48
    Issue number10
    Early online date31 May 2018
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2018

    Bibliographical note

    Copyright the Author(s) 2018. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

    Keywords

    • autism
    • prevalence
    • screening

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