Recombinant human interferon-β (rhIFN-β) is the leading therapeutic intervention shown to change the cause of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, and both a nonglycosylated and a significantly more active glycosylated variant of rhIFN-β are used in treatment. This study investigates the function of the rhIFN-β1a glycan moiety and its individual carbohydrate residues, using the myxovirus resistance (Mx) mRNA as a biomarker in Mx-congenic mice. We showed that the Mx mRNA level in blood leukocytes peaked 3 h after s.c. administration of rhIFN-β1a. In addition, a clear dose-response relationship was confirmed, and the Mx response was shown to be receptor-mediated. Using specific glycosidases, different glycosylation analogs of rhIFN-β1a were obtained, and their activities were determined. The glycosylated rhIFN-β1a showed significantly higher activity than its deglycosylated counterpart, due to a protein stabilization/solubilization effect of the glycan. It is interesting to note that the terminating sialic acids were essential for these effects. Conclusively, the structure/bioactivity relationship of rhIFN-β1a was determined in vivo, and it provided a novel insight into the role of the rhIFN-β1a glycan and its carbohydrate residues. The possibilities of improving the pharmacological properties of rhIFN-β1a using glycoengineering are discussed.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2008|