The generation of post-inspiratory activity in laryngeal motoneurons: a review

Tara G. Bautista, Peter G R Burke, Qi Jian Sun, Robert G. Berkowitz, Paul M. Pilowsky

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

    9 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Breathing is a vegetative function that is altered during more complex behaviours such as exercise, vocalisation and respiratory protective reflexes. Recent years have seen recognition of the importance of respiratory pattern generation in addition to rhythm generation. Respiratory-modulated cranial motoneurons (laryngeal, pharyngeal, hypoglossal, facial) offer a unique insight into the control of respiration since: (1) they receive rhythmic respiratory inputs but; (2) their respiratory-modulated firing pattern differs to that of phrenic neurons to suit their function, (for example, hypoglossal motoneurons begin firing and thus the tongue depresses before the onset of phrenic nerve discharge and diaphragmatic during inspiration) and; (3) their activity is often altered in parallel with changes in respiration during stereotypical non-respiratory behaviours such as coughing, swallowing and sneeze. Here we review some mechanisms that modulate the respiratory-related activity of laryngeal motoneurons with an emphasis on the generation of post-inspiratory activity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationNew Frontiers in Respiratory Control
    Subtitle of host publicationXIth Annual Oxford Conference on Modeling and Control of Breathing
    EditorsIkuo Homma, Hiroshi Onimaru, Yoshinosuke Fukuchi
    Place of PublicationNew York
    PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
    Pages143-149
    Number of pages7
    Volume669
    ISBN (Electronic)9781441956927
    ISBN (Print)9781441956910
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010
    EventThe 11th Oxford Conference on Modeling and Control of Breathing: New Frontiers in Respiratory Control - 2009 - Nara Prefectural New Public Hall, Nara City, Japan
    Duration: 23 Jul 200926 Jul 2009

    Publication series

    NameAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
    Volume669
    ISSN (Print)00652598

    Conference

    ConferenceThe 11th Oxford Conference on Modeling and Control of Breathing
    CountryJapan
    CityNara City
    Period23/07/0926/07/09

    Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The generation of post-inspiratory activity in laryngeal motoneurons: a review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this