The geochemical and Sr-Nd isotopic characteristics of Paleozoic fractionated S-types granites of north Queensland: implications for S-type granite petrogenesis

David C. Champion*, Robert Bultitude

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Moderately to strongly fractionated S-type granites crop out extensively (>2500 km(2)) in the central and eastern parts of the Hodgkinson Province, north Queensland, Australia. The granites have been subdivided in two major supersuites: the garnet-bearing Whypalla and cordierite-bearing Cooktown Supersuites; and a number of minor suites-including the extremely fractionated Wangetti and Mount Alto Suites. Early formed magmatic tourmaline is a feature of the Wangetti and Mount Alto granites. Almost all of the S-type granites contain metasedimentary enclave material, while microdioritic enclaves are mostly notably absent. The S-type granites are felsic with a moderate SiO2 range (68-77%). Most elements are negatively correlated with increasing differentiation, including TiO2, FeOtot, MgO, CaO, Ba, Sr, Th, LREE, Eu, Zr, Hf, and ratios such as K/Rb; many decrease to very low levels. There are very few positively correlated elements: Rb, U, and to some extent Na2O. Geochemical differences between supersuites include higher CaO, Ba, Sr, Pb, and lower Rb, Sn, B, V in the Whypalla Supersuite. Geochemical variation within the granites is largely due to extensive crystal fractionation. Some of the S-type granites have FeO* and MgO contents of 2.5-3.0% or more indicating they do not represent simple sedimentary melts, but rather represent the presence of both cumulate and restitic material. Variable Nd and Sr signatures (epsilon(Nd) between -2 and -6.5; initial Sr ratios between 0.709 and 0.715), suggest multiple components. The S-type granites intrude a very extensive, siliciclastic turbidite sequence that is isotopically evolved (e.g., epsilon(Nd) mostly -12.0 to -15.0 at 270 Ma), and generally too mature (too CaO poor) to produce S-type granites. Isotopic and chemical modeling show that although magma-mixing is permissible, the levels permissible (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-56
Number of pages20
JournalLithos
Volume162
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • S-type granites
  • Fractionated granites
  • Geochemistry
  • Isotopes
  • North Queensland
  • Hodgkinson Province
  • TASMAN OROGENIC ZONE
  • LACHLAN FOLD BELT
  • I-TYPE GRANITES
  • PLIOCENE MACUSANI VOLCANICS
  • HODGKINSON PROVINCE
  • NORTHEASTERN AUSTRALIA
  • SOUTHEASTERN AUSTRALIA
  • PHASE-RELATIONSHIPS
  • GEOLOGICAL SAMPLES
  • IGNIMBRITE SUITE

Cite this