The Ginninderra CH4 and CO2 release experiment

an evaluation of gas detection and quantification techniques

Andrew Feitz*, Ivan Schroder, Frances Phillips, Trevor Coates, Karita Neghandhi, Stuart Day, Ashok Luhar, Sangeeta Bhatia, Grant Edwards, Stefan Hrabar, Emili Hernandez, Brett Wood, Travis Naylor, Martin Kennedy, Murray Hamilton, Mike Hatch, John Malos, Mark Kochanek, Peter Reid, Joel Wilson & 10 others Nicholas Deutscher, Steve Zegelin, Robert Vincent, Stephen White, Cindy Ong, Suman George, Peter Maas, Sean Towner, Nicholas Wokker, David Griffith

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    16 Citations (Scopus)
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    Abstract

    A methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) release experiment was held from April to June 2015 at the Ginninderra Controlled Release Facility in Canberra, Australia. The experiment provided an opportunity to compare different emission quantification techniques against a simulated CH4 and CO2 point source release, where the actual release rates were unknown to the participants. Eight quantification techniques were assessed: three tracer ratio techniques (two mobile); backwards Lagrangian stochastic modelling; forwards Lagrangian stochastic modelling; Lagrangian stochastic (LS) footprint modelling; atmospheric tomography using point and using integrated line sensors. The majority of CH4 estimates were within 20% of the actual CH4 release rate (5.8 g/min), with the tracer ratio technique providing the closest estimate to both the CH4 and CO2 release rates (100 g/min). Once the release rate was known, the majority of revised estimates were within 10% of the actual release rate. The study illustrates the power of measuring the emission rate using multiple simultaneous methods and obtaining an ensemble median or mean. An ensemble approach to estimating the CH4 emission rate proved successful with the ensemble median estimate within 16% for the actual release rate for the blind release experiment and within 2% once the release rate was known. The release also provided an opportunity to assess the effectiveness of stationary and mobile ground and aerial CH4 detection technologies. Sensor detection limits and sampling rates were found to be significant limitations for CH4 and CO2 detection. A hyperspectral imager's capacity to image the CH4 release from 100 m, and a Boreal CH4 laser sensor's ability to track moving targets suggest the future possibility to map gas plumes using a single laser and mobile aerial reflector.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)202-224
    Number of pages23
    JournalInternational Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control
    Volume70
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

    Bibliographical note

    Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

    Keywords

    • Fugitive emissions
    • Methane
    • Carbon dioxide
    • Geological storage
    • Geosquestration
    • Quantification
    • Measurement
    • Modelling
    • Atmospheric
    • Leakage

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