The glycemic index of foods influences postprandial insulin-like growth factor-binding protein responses in lean young subjects

Jennie C. Brand-Miller*, Vicki Liu, Peter Petocz, Robert C. Baxter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Growth in normal and malignant tissues has been linked to hyperinsulinemia and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). We hypothesized that IGF and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) responses may be acutely affected by differences in the glycemic index (GI) of foods. Objective: We compared the postprandial responses of IGFs and IGFBP to 2 foods of similar macronutrient composition but with greatly different GIs-pearled barley (GI: 25) and instant mashed potato (GI: 85). Design: Ten young lean subjects consumed 50-g carbohydrate portions of the 2 foods or water (extended fast) in random order after an overnight fast. Capillary blood was collected at regular intervals ofver 4 h for measurement of blood glucose, insulin, and components of the IGF system. Results: Serum IGFBP-1 declined markedly after both meals, but the mean (±SEM) change at 4 h was significantly (P < 0.01) more prolonged after the low-GI meal (-55 ± 20 ng/mL) than after the high-GI meal (-13 ± 15 ng/mL). Conversely, the change in serum IGFBP-3 concentration at 4 h was significantly (P < 0.05) higher after the low-GI meal (251 ± 102 ng/mL) than after the high-GI meal (-110 ± 96 ng/mL); the same pattern was observed at 2 h. Changes in IGFBP-2, free IGF-1, and total IGF-1 responses were minimal and did not differ significantly from those during the 4-h fast. Conclusion: Acute changes in IGFBP-3 after low-GI and high-GI foods may provide a biologic mechanism linking cell multiplication with greater consumption of high-GI carbohydrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-354
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume82
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

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