Background: Growth in normal and malignant tissues has been linked to hyperinsulinemia and insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). We hypothesized that IGF and IGF-binding protein (IGFBP) responses may be acutely affected by differences in the glycemic index (GI) of foods. Objective: We compared the postprandial responses of IGFs and IGFBP to 2 foods of similar macronutrient composition but with greatly different GIs-pearled barley (GI: 25) and instant mashed potato (GI: 85). Design: Ten young lean subjects consumed 50-g carbohydrate portions of the 2 foods or water (extended fast) in random order after an overnight fast. Capillary blood was collected at regular intervals ofver 4 h for measurement of blood glucose, insulin, and components of the IGF system. Results: Serum IGFBP-1 declined markedly after both meals, but the mean (±SEM) change at 4 h was significantly (P < 0.01) more prolonged after the low-GI meal (-55 ± 20 ng/mL) than after the high-GI meal (-13 ± 15 ng/mL). Conversely, the change in serum IGFBP-3 concentration at 4 h was significantly (P < 0.05) higher after the low-GI meal (251 ± 102 ng/mL) than after the high-GI meal (-110 ± 96 ng/mL); the same pattern was observed at 2 h. Changes in IGFBP-2, free IGF-1, and total IGF-1 responses were minimal and did not differ significantly from those during the 4-h fast. Conclusion: Acute changes in IGFBP-3 after low-GI and high-GI foods may provide a biologic mechanism linking cell multiplication with greater consumption of high-GI carbohydrates.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||American Journal of Clinical Nutrition|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|