The health consequences of unemployment

The evidence

Colin D. Mathers*, Deborah J. Schofield

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

170 Citations (Scopus)


A review of recent studies, including Australian research, on the health effects of unemployment and the mechanisms by which unemployment causes adverse health outcomes. The relationship is complex: ill-health also causes unemployment, and confounding factors include socioeconomic status and lifestyle. However, longitudinal studies with a range of designs provide reasonably good evidence that unemployment itself is detrimental to health and has an impact on health outcomes - increasing mortality rates, causing physical and mental ill-health and greater use of health services.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-182
Number of pages5
JournalMedical Journal of Australia
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 16 Feb 1998
Externally publishedYes

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    Mathers, C. D., & Schofield, D. J. (1998). The health consequences of unemployment: The evidence. Medical Journal of Australia, 168(4), 178-182.