The Human-Technology Interface: Designing for Open and Distance Learning

John G. Hedberg*, Suzanne E. Mcnamara

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Much attention has been focused on the application of computer technology to the delivery of education, through open and distance learning. Within this framework, however, emphasis appears to have been placed on ideal human characteristics rather than on the reality of adult human nature and experience. Using some examples from higher education and continuing education in Australia, this paper discusses technology in relation to the management of open learning; the characteristics, expertise and experience of the instructional developer and the learner. The authors suggest that the design considerations for technology-based delivery systems for adults should employ a conceptual organization based upon four types of teaching and learning activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-81
Number of pages9
JournalEducational Media International
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes


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