The impact of aesthetic evaluation and physical ability on dance perception

Emily S. Cross, Louise Kirsch, Luca F. Ticini, Simone Schütz-Bosbach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

122 Citations (Scopus)
10 Downloads (Pure)


The field of neuroaesthetics attracts attention from neuroscientists and artists interested in the neural underpinnings of esthetic experience. Though less studied than the neuroaes-thetics of visual art, dance neuroaesthetics is a particularly rich subfield to explore, as it is informed not only by research on the neurobiology of aesthetics, but also by an extensive literature on how action experience shapes perception. Moreover, it is ideally suited to explore the embodied simulation account of esthetic experience, which posits that activation within sensorimotor areas of the brain, known as the action observation network (AON), is a critical element of the esthetic response. In the present study, we address how observers' esthetic evaluation of dance is related to their perceived physical ability to reproduce the movements they watch. Participants underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging while evaluating how much they liked and how well they thought they could physically replicate a range of dance movements performed by professional ballet dancers. We used parametric analyses to evaluate brain regions that tracked with degree of liking and perceived physical ability. The findings reveal strongest activation of occipitotemporal and parietal portions of the AON when participants view movements they rate as both esthetically pleasing and difficult to reproduce. As such, these findings begin to illuminate how the embodied simulation account of esthetic experience might apply to watching dance, and provide preliminary evidence as to why some people find enjoyment in an evening at the ballet.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers in Human Neuroscience
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2011. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • dance
  • neuroaesthetics
  • parietal
  • visual
  • fMRI
  • AON
  • ballet


Dive into the research topics of 'The impact of aesthetic evaluation and physical ability on dance perception'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this