The indirect economic impacts of co-morbidities on people with depression

Deborah J. Schofield, Emily J. Callander*, Rupendra N. Shrestha, Megan E. Passey, Richard Percival, Simon J. Kelly

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


It is known that people with depression often have other co-morbid conditions; however this is rarely acknowledged in studies that access the economic impacts of depression. This paper aims to quantify the association between co-morbid health conditions and labour force status and economic circumstances of people with depression. This study undertakes cross-sectional analysis using a dataset that is representative of the 45-64 year old Australian population with depression. The probability of being out of the labour force increases with increasing number of co-morbidities, and the amount of weekly income received by people with depression decreased with increasing numbers of co-morbidities. Those with depression and three or more co-morbidities were 4.31 times more likely to be out of the labour force (95% CI: 1.74-10.68), and received a weekly private income 88% lower (95% CI: -94%, -75%) than people with depression alone. It is important to consider the co-morbid conditions an individual has when assessing the impact of depression on labour force participation and economic circumstances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)796-801
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • co-morbidities
  • depression
  • income
  • labour force participation


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