The influence of particle diffusion on Couette-Taylor instability of a radially magnetized ferrofluid

P. J. Stiles*, M. Kagan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Calculations are presented for the linear stability of isothermal, viscous Couette flow of a radially magnetized ferrofluid in a narrow annulus between a long rotating inner cylinder and a stationary coaxial outer cylinder. In this prototype model of a rotary ferrofluid seal the countervailing influences of centrifugal diffusion and magnetodiffusion slowly create a radial gradient in the distribution of the colloidal particles. Provided that the strength of the radial magnetic field exceeds a critical threshold, steady Taylor vortex flow is predicted to set in at Taylor numbers an order of magnitude smaller than the critical Taylor number of a simple diamagnetic liquid. Both the critical Taylor number and the critical wavenumber increase as the magnetic field strength increases. A remarkable feature is that the neutral curves for this long time scale Couette-Taylor instability are double valued.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)628-630
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume179
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 May 1996

Keywords

  • Couette-Taylor instability
  • ferrofluid seals
  • ferrofluids
  • magnetodiffusion
  • particle diffusion

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