The influence of world societal forces on social tolerance. A time comparative study of prejudices in 32 countries

Markus Hadler*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Societal variation in xenophobia, homophobia, and other prejudices is frequently explained by the economic background and political history of different countries. This article expands these explanations by considering the influence of world societal factors on individual attitudes. The empirical analysis is based on survey data collected within the World Value Survey and European Values Study framework between 1989 and 2010. Data are combined to a three-wave cross-sectional design including about 130,000 respondents from 32 countries. Results show that xenophobia and homophobia are influenced by the national political history, societal affluence, and the presence of international organizations. Global forces, however, are of particular importance for homophobia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)211-237
Number of pages27
JournalSociological Quarterly
Volume53
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012
Externally publishedYes

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