The interaction of alcohol expectancies and drinking refusal self-efficacy in high and low risk drinkers

Nicole K. Lee*, Tian P S Oei, Janet D. Greeley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While the impact of both alcohol expectancies (AE) and drinking refusal self-efficacy (DRSE) on drinking behaviours are well documented in the literature, there has been some debate, but little empirical investigation, about the relative contribution of these constructs to drinking behaviour. According to both Bandura's (1977; 1986) original formulations of Social Learning Theory, self-efficacy expectancies are a more salient influence on consumption. The results of a discriminant function analysis showed that expectancy variables represented a reliable dimension along which high and low risk drinkers differed. In support of theoretical expectations, variables that are thought to indicate drinking refusal self-efficacy were the best discriminators.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-102
Number of pages12
JournalAddiction Research and Theory
Volume7
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1999

Keywords

  • Alcohol expectancies
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Drinking refusal self-efficacy
  • Expectancy theory
  • Two-process theory

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