The last mile: where artificial intelligence meets reality

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Although much effort is focused on improving the technical performance of artificial intelligence, there are compelling reasons to focus more on the implementation of this technology class to solve real-world applications. In this "last mile" of implementation lie many complex challenges that may make technically high-performing systems perform poorly. Instead of viewing artificial intelligence development as a linear one of algorithm development through to eventual deployment, there are strong reasons to take a more agile approach, iteratively developing and testing artificial intelligence within the context in which it finally will be used.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere16323
Pages (from-to)1-4
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Medical Internet Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 8 Nov 2019

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s). Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • artificial intelligence
  • implementation sceince
  • sociotechnical systems


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