The Limits of supposing: semantic illusions and conditional probability

Shira Elqayam, Simon J. Handley, Jonathan St. B. T. Evans

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference proceeding contributionpeer-review

Abstract

Faced with extreme demands, hypothetical thinking runs the danger of total failure. Paradoxical propositions such as the LIAR (‘I am lying’) provide an opportunity to test it to its limits. Embedded in conditionals, they tended to occasion a breakdown of probabilistic inference (0% True-0% False pattern) demonstrating the vulnerability of hypothetical thinking when taxed by embedded suppositional processes. In contrast, items with the TRUTHTELLER (‘I am telling the truth’) were ‘collapsed’ to responses of conditional probability closely resembling estimates of control items.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 27th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society
EditorsBruno G. Bara, Lawrence Barsalou, Monica Bucciarelli
Place of PublicationMahwah, NJ
PublisherLawrence Erlbaum
Pages630-635
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)0976831813
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
EventAnnual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (27th : 2005) - Stresa, Italy
Duration: 21 Jul 200523 Jul 2005

Conference

ConferenceAnnual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (27th : 2005)
CityStresa, Italy
Period21/07/0523/07/05

Keywords

  • reasoning
  • conditionals
  • liar paradox

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