The locus of the frequency effect in picture naming: When recognizing is not enough

Jorge Almeida*, Mark Knobel, Matthew Finkbeiner, Alfonso Caramazza

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    52 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The lexical frequency effect in picture naming is generally assumed to constitute a signature of lexical access. Lexical frequency, however, is correlated with other variables, like concept familiarity, that can produce effects similar to those of lexical frequency in picture naming tasks. In this study, a delayed picture naming task was employed to address the hypothesis that the frequency effect in picture naming is due to variables that affect processing in the perceptual and semantic identification stages (i.e., input stages). Despite the fact that all the input processing stages were completed prior to the presentation of the naming cue, a strong frequency effect was still obtained in this task. These results establish that the lexical frequency effect is independent of variables affecting the input stages of picture naming, and, hence, confirm the lexical frequency effect as a signature effect of lexical access.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1177-1182
    Number of pages6
    JournalPsychonomic Bulletin and Review
    Volume14
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

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