The multisensory perception of co-speech gestures - A review and meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies

Lars Marstaller*, Hana Burianová

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    14 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Co-speech gestures constitute a unique form of multimodal communication because here the hand movements are temporally synchronized and semantically integrated with speech. Recent neuroimaging studies indicate that the perception of co-speech gestures might engage a core set of frontal, temporal, and parietal areas. However, no study has compared the neural processes during perception of different types of co-speech gestures, such as beat, deictic, iconic, and metaphoric co-speech gestures. The purpose of this study was to review the existing literature on the neural correlates of co-speech gesture perception and to test whether different types of co-speech gestures elicit a common pattern of brain activity in the listener. To this purpose, we conducted a meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies, which used different types of co-speech gestures to investigate the perception of multimodal (co-speech gestures) in contrast to unimodal (speech or gestures) stimuli. The results show that co-speech gesture perception consistently engages temporal regions related to auditory and movement perception as well as frontal-parietal regions associated with action understanding. The results of this study suggest that brain regions involved in multisensory processing and action understanding constitute the general core of co-speech gesture perception.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)69-77
    Number of pages9
    JournalJournal of Neurolinguistics
    Volume30
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014

    Keywords

    • Action understanding
    • Co-speech gestures
    • Meta-analysis
    • Multisensory perception

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