The Options Holding Concentration Problem

Evidence from Australian Listed Corporations

Tyrone M. Carlin, Guy Ford

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The literature on executive options has burgeoned over the past decade. While early literature tended to expound the benefits associated with the adoption of options plans, more recent literature has taken on a more cautionary tone. Recent empirical research has suggested a range of conditions under which the adoption of options plans might result in unanticipated outcomes. This paper adds to the literature by discussing options holding concentration, which we define as the proportion of options outstanding under a firm's executive options plan held by a firm's board and the top five non-board executives. We examine previous empirical literature on executive options plans and some of the incentive problems associated with the implementation of such plans, which have been reported in the literature. On the basis of these discussions, we discuss why it might plausibly be expected that options holding concentration could represent a variable with the power to explain the degree to which incentive problems are encountered by organisations, which employ executive options schemes. We report observed options holding concentration for a sample of Australian listed corporations between 1997 and 2002, but demonstrate that while significantly inversely associated with firm size, holdings concentration does not appear to be associated with factors which point towards organisational risk taking and cash payment policy choices. We discuss possible reasons for our findings and suggest potential future research extensions flowing from our work.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAsia Pacific Financial Markets in Comparative Perspective: Issues and Implications for the 21st Century
Pages221-234
Number of pages14
Volume86
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Publication series

NameContemporary Studies in Economic and Financial Analysis
Volume86
ISSN (Print)15693759

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  • Cite this

    Carlin, T. M., & Ford, G. (2006). The Options Holding Concentration Problem: Evidence from Australian Listed Corporations. In Asia Pacific Financial Markets in Comparative Perspective: Issues and Implications for the 21st Century (Vol. 86, pp. 221-234). (Contemporary Studies in Economic and Financial Analysis; Vol. 86). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1569-3759(05)86011-5