The origin of imported jars from 6th dynasty Abusir: New light on Early Bronze Age Egyptian-Levantine relations

Karin Sowada, Mary Ownby, Miroslav Bárta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Thin-section petrography on imported Combed jars from the 6th Dynasty Abusir tomb complex of Qar and his family identified the central Levant, between Beirut and Tripoli, as the production zone of the vessels. Dating to the reign of 6th Dynasty king Pepy II (ca. 2278–2184 B.C.), the jars were made of the same mixed Cretaceous clay type used for imports of the early Old Kingdom. None of the Abusir material was an Egyptian imitation, contrary to previous assessments. The petrography demonstrates the long continuity of exchange networks with a specific area of the central Levant for over 350 years. During the Old Kingdom from the early 4th Dynasty to the late 6th Dynasty, exchange networks with the region intensified, confirming long-held understandings based on fragmentary archaeological data and the slender textual record.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-236
Number of pages16
JournalBulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research
Volume386
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Abusir
  • Ceramics
  • Early Bronze Age
  • Egypt
  • Lebanon
  • Levant
  • Old Kingdom
  • Petrography
  • Trade

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