A number of studies have reported that an abnormal delay in the latency of the P300 event-related potential (ERP) is characteristic of the majority of patients with a dementing process. Another body of research suggests regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) is significantly reduced in Alzheimer's disease (AD). No previous study has compared the effectiveness of these 2 measures in identifying the same patients with AD. Furthermore, most of the studies on which the above findings are based examined patients in the moderate to severe stages of the disorder. In this study we examined P300 latency and rCBF in 10 patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease, and compared their responses with those of normal subjects of similar age. The P300 component was not evident in 2 of the patients: the remaining 8 had a latency within normal limits for their age. On the other hand, 8 of the patients had abnormally reduced rCBF. These results suggest rCBF measures may be useful for identifying AD in its early stages.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical and experimental neurology|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 1989|