The pattern of urban-rural disparities in multidimensional poverty in People’s Republic of China: 2000-2011

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According to the World Bank’s estimate of poverty using the international poverty line of $1.25 a day (in 2005 PPP), the People’s Republic of China (PRC) has shown a remarkable achievement in reducing income/consumption poverty over the past two decades or so. In 2014, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) released a report which attempted to adjust this poverty line using the poverty lines of selected Asian countries. The ADB report proposed an absolute cut-off of $1.51 for Asia. Furthermore, the report suggested that the poverty line be adjusted for vulnerability of income and insecurity with respect to food. With all these adjustments, the report’s poverty estimate for PRC is almost three times more than the World Banks’ estimate. However, ADB (2014) did not make any comparison of the difference between the rural and urban scenarios of poverty. This chapter aims to utilize the poverty lines used in the ADB 2014 report in estimating the rural–urban disparities in poverty. We also compare the results with the $1.25 poverty line to specify the differences.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternal migration, urbanization and poverty in Asia
Subtitle of host publicationdynamics and interrelationships
EditorsKankesu Jayanthakumar, Reetu Verma, Guanghua Wan, Edgar Wilson
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer, Springer Nature
Number of pages41
ISBN (Electronic)9789811315374
ISBN (Print)9789811315367
Publication statusPublished - 2020

Bibliographical note

Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.


  • Multidimensional poverty
  • PRC
  • Rural
  • Urban
  • China Health and Nutrition Survey


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