The peculiar rotation curve of NGC 157

S. D. Ryder*, A. V. Zasov, V. J. McIntyre, W. Walsh, O. K. Sil'chenko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present the results of a new HI, optical, and Hα interferometric study of the nearby spiral galaxy NGC 157. Our combined C- and D-array observations with the VLA show a large-scale, ring-like structure in the neutral hydrogen underlying the optical disc, together with an extended, low surface density component going out to nearly twice the Holmberg radius. Beginning just inside the edge of the star-forming disc, the line of nodes in the gas disc commences a 60° warp, while at the same time, the rotation velocity drops by almost half its peak value of 200 km s-1, before levelling off again in the outer parts. While a flat rotation curve in NGC 157 cannot be ruled out, supportive evidence for an abrupt decline comes from the ionized gas kinematics, the optical surface photometry, and the global HI profile. A standard 'maximum-disc' mass model predicts comparable amounts of dark and luminous matter within NGC 157. Alternatively, a model employing a disc truncated at 2 disc scalelengths could equally well account for the unusual form of the rotation curve in NGC 157.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-428
Number of pages18
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume293
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Galaxies: individual: NGC 157
  • Galaxies: kinematics and dynamics
  • Galaxies: spiral
  • Radio lines: galaxies

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