The petrography of imported Levantine Combed vessels from early Old Kingdom Giza

Karin Sowada, Mary F. Ownby, Anna Wodzinska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Thin-section petrography was used to examine 36 samples of imported Early Bronze Age Combed vessels from Giza, Egypt. The samples come from fragmentary pots found in early Old Kingdom tombs of high officials, and the workers’ settlement at Heit el-Ghurab. Most date to the 4th Dynasty, coeval with the ARCANE Early Central Levant (ECL) 4 and Early Southern Levant (ESL) 5b periods. Results reveal a primary fabric with slight variations, containing material pointing to production centres close to Cretaceous formations outcropping in Central Lebanon, from Beirut and Tripoli. No fabrics from the Southern Levant were identified. The Old Kingdom supply-line to ceramic production centres in the Central Levant, linked to the acquisition of cedar, largely supplanted the diffuse networks of the Early Dynastic period.
LanguageEnglish
JournalLevant
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 24 Jul 2019

Fingerprint

Petrography
petrography
workers' settlement
vessel
Bronze Age
Bronze
Lebanon
thin section
ceramics
Egypt
supply
Cretaceous
fabric
Southern Levant
Vessel
Old Kingdom
material
Dynasty
Ceramic Production
Thin Section Petrography

Keywords

  • Egypt
  • Old Kingdom
  • Levant
  • Trade
  • Ceramics
  • Petrography
  • Giza (Egypt)--Antiquities

Cite this

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title = "The petrography of imported Levantine Combed vessels from early Old Kingdom Giza",
abstract = "Thin-section petrography was used to examine 36 samples of imported Early Bronze Age Combed vessels from Giza, Egypt. The samples come from fragmentary pots found in early Old Kingdom tombs of high officials, and the workers’ settlement at Heit el-Ghurab. Most date to the 4th Dynasty, coeval with the ARCANE Early Central Levant (ECL) 4 and Early Southern Levant (ESL) 5b periods. Results reveal a primary fabric with slight variations, containing material pointing to production centres close to Cretaceous formations outcropping in Central Lebanon, from Beirut and Tripoli. No fabrics from the Southern Levant were identified. The Old Kingdom supply-line to ceramic production centres in the Central Levant, linked to the acquisition of cedar, largely supplanted the diffuse networks of the Early Dynastic period.",
keywords = "Egypt, Old Kingdom, Levant, Trade, Ceramics, Petrography, Giza (Egypt)--Antiquities",
author = "Karin Sowada and Ownby, {Mary F.} and Anna Wodzinska",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "24",
language = "English",
journal = "Levant",
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The petrography of imported Levantine Combed vessels from early Old Kingdom Giza. / Sowada, Karin; Ownby, Mary F.; Wodzinska, Anna.

In: Levant, 24.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - The petrography of imported Levantine Combed vessels from early Old Kingdom Giza

AU - Sowada,Karin

AU - Ownby,Mary F.

AU - Wodzinska,Anna

PY - 2019/7/24

Y1 - 2019/7/24

N2 - Thin-section petrography was used to examine 36 samples of imported Early Bronze Age Combed vessels from Giza, Egypt. The samples come from fragmentary pots found in early Old Kingdom tombs of high officials, and the workers’ settlement at Heit el-Ghurab. Most date to the 4th Dynasty, coeval with the ARCANE Early Central Levant (ECL) 4 and Early Southern Levant (ESL) 5b periods. Results reveal a primary fabric with slight variations, containing material pointing to production centres close to Cretaceous formations outcropping in Central Lebanon, from Beirut and Tripoli. No fabrics from the Southern Levant were identified. The Old Kingdom supply-line to ceramic production centres in the Central Levant, linked to the acquisition of cedar, largely supplanted the diffuse networks of the Early Dynastic period.

AB - Thin-section petrography was used to examine 36 samples of imported Early Bronze Age Combed vessels from Giza, Egypt. The samples come from fragmentary pots found in early Old Kingdom tombs of high officials, and the workers’ settlement at Heit el-Ghurab. Most date to the 4th Dynasty, coeval with the ARCANE Early Central Levant (ECL) 4 and Early Southern Levant (ESL) 5b periods. Results reveal a primary fabric with slight variations, containing material pointing to production centres close to Cretaceous formations outcropping in Central Lebanon, from Beirut and Tripoli. No fabrics from the Southern Levant were identified. The Old Kingdom supply-line to ceramic production centres in the Central Levant, linked to the acquisition of cedar, largely supplanted the diffuse networks of the Early Dynastic period.

KW - Egypt

KW - Old Kingdom

KW - Levant

KW - Trade

KW - Ceramics

KW - Petrography

KW - Giza (Egypt)--Antiquities

M3 - Article

JO - Levant

T2 - Levant

JF - Levant

SN - 0075-8914

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