The Physiological significance of postinspiration in respiratory control

Mathias Dutschmann, Sarah E. Jones, Hari H. Subramanian, Davor Stanic, Tara G. Bautista

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

    46 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The term postinspiration is commonly used in the scientific literature concerned with neural generation and the control of breathing movements. Because postinspiration belongs functionally to the mechanical act of expiration, the physiological significance of postinspiration as a distinct phase of the breathing cycle is often underappreciated. The present review will give an overview of the physiological significance of postinspiratory motor activity in laryngeal adductor (constrictor) muscles and the crural diaphragm. The functional importance of postinspiratory motor activity is discussed for the eupneic respiratory cycle, and for various protective respiratory reflex mediations (e.g., sneeze, cough, and breath-hold). Also, the implications of recruited postinspiratory activity during nonventilatory behaviors such as vocalization, swallowing, or vomiting are underpinned. Finally, we describe the impact of absence or malfunction of postinspiratory motor function in neurological diseases.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationBreathing, emotion and evolution
    EditorsGert Holstege, Caroline M. Beers, Subramanian Hari H
    Place of PublicationAmsterdam
    PublisherElsevier
    Pages113-130
    Number of pages18
    ISBN (Print)9780444634887
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Publication series

    NameProgress in Brain Research
    PublisherElsevier
    Volume212
    ISSN (Print)0079-6123

    Keywords

    • Ventilation
    • Breathing
    • Upper airway
    • Swallowing
    • Airway protection
    • Glottis
    • Evolution
    • Alzheimer's disease
    • Rett syndrome

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