The prevalence of anxiety disorders in dermatology outpatients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

B. Storer, K. A. Kershaw, T. A. Braund, C. Chakouch, M. J. Coleshill, S. Haffar, S. Harvey, J. Newby*, G. Sicouri, M. Murphy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)
45 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Anxiety is common in those with medical conditions and has significant impacts on mental well-being as well as physical health outcomes. While several systematic reviews have examined the prevalence of anxiety in specific dermatological conditions, no reviews have examined the prevalence across the entire dermatology outpatient setting. This systematic review aims to provide an overview to dermatologists of the prevalence of, and trends in, anxiety in their outpatient clinics. As such, prevalence of anxiety in dermatology outpatient clinics was examined, and variations across type of anxiety and dermatological conditions were assessed. A search of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane and PsycINFO was conducted for studies that assessed anxiety prevalence in dermatology outpatients, with the last search conducted on 7 September 2022. Results underwent title/abstract and full-text screening, followed by data extraction. Studies of patients 16 years and older and representative of dermatology clinics were included. Risk of bias was assessed using Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist. Meta-analysis was conducted using CMA software, and subgroup analysis was conducted on relevant variables. 5423 studies were identified, and 32 included, with a total n = 12,812 participants. Under the random effects model, prevalence was estimated at 26.7% (95%CI 22.4–31.4; 95%PI 9.7–55.4). Subgroup analysis revealed a higher prevalence among studies of psoriasis patients than general dermatology studies. Estimates of prevalence were higher when assessed via self-report screening than diagnostic interview. Anxiety occurred frequently among dermatology outpatients, especially psoriasis outpatients, at a higher rate than common estimates of prevalence in the general population. Given the effect of anxiety on patient outcomes and well-being, dermatologists are encouraged to consider how anxiety may impact patients in their clinic, and how they can best identify patients with anxiety and subsequently support them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1576-1586
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology
Volume37
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Copyright the Author(s) 2023. Version archived for private and non-commercial use with the permission of the author/s and according to publisher conditions. For further rights please contact the publisher.

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